Clone this repo:
  1. 054d831 Incremental upgrade toward JJB v5 by Joey Armstrong · 2 days ago master
  2. f023276 Add missing quote, added func banner() by Joey Armstrong · 13 days ago
  3. 7f6c2c0 Enable debugging for repo:onos job by Joey Armstrong · 13 days ago
  4. f2d8bf3 Merge "Filter cache and temp entries from .kube filesystem listing" by Joey Armstrong · 13 days ago
  5. f1aaa04 Just initialize config=, no arg passed in yet by Joey Armstrong · 13 days ago

ci-management for CORD

This repo holds configuration for the Jenkins testing infrastructure used by CORD.

The best way to work with this repo is to check it out with repo, per these instructions: Downloading testing and QA repositories

NOTE: This repo uses git submodules. If you get an error like this when testing:

jenkins_jobs.errors.JenkinsJobsException: Failed to find suitable template named '{project-name}-ci-jobs'

or have trouble with the other tasks, please run:

git submodule init && git submodule update

to obtain these submodules, as a clone of the repo won't automatically checkout these submodules.

Jenkins Job Builder (JJB) Documentation

Official JJB Docs

LF Best practices for JJB

LF mailing list for release engineering

The #lf-releng channel on Freenode IRC is usually well attended.

What should be in my job description?

When writing jobs, there are some things that JJB should be used to handle, and some things that should be put in external scripts or pipeline jobs.

Some things that are good to put in a JJB job:

  • Perform all SCM tasks (checkout code, etc.)
  • Specify the executors type and size (don't hardcode this in a pipeline)

JJB Jobs should not:

  • Have complicated (more than 2-5 lines) scripts inline - instead, include these using !include-escape or !include-raw-escape.

Adding tests to a new git repo

When adding a new git repo that needs tests:

  1. Create a new file in jjb/verify named <reponame>.yaml

  2. Create a project using the name of the repo, and a job-group section with a list of jobs-template ids to invoke.

  3. Optional: If you have more than one job that applies to the repo, add a dependency-jobs variable to each item the job-group jobs list to control the order of jobs to invoke. Note that this is a string with the name of the jobs as created in Jenkins, not the job-template id.

Making a new job-template

To create jobs that are usable by multiple repos, you want to create a job-template that can be used by multiple jobs.

Most job-templates are kept in jjb/*.yaml. See lint.yaml or api-test.yaml for examples.

Every job-template must have at least a name (which creates the name of the job in Jenkins) and an id item (referred to in the job-group), as well as several modules that invoke Jenkins functionality, or macros (see below, and in the docs) that customize or provide defaults for those modules.

Setting default variable values

Default values can be found in jjb/defaults.yaml. These can be used in projects, jobs, job-templates.

NOTE: Defaults don't work with macros - all parameters must be passed to every macro invocation.

Creating macros

If you need to customize how a Jenkins module is run, consider creating a reusable macro. These are generally put in jjb/cord-macros.yaml, and have names matching cord-infra-*.

See also global-jjb/jjb/lf-macros.yaml for more macros to use (these have name matching lf-infra-*).

There are a few useful macros defined in jjb/cord-macros.yml

  • cord-infra-properties - sets build discarder settings
  • cord-infra-gerrit-repo-scm - checks out the entire source tree with the repo tool
  • cord-infra-gerrit-repo-patch - checks out a patch to a git repo within a checked out repo source tree (WIP, doesn't work yet)
  • cord-infra-gerrit-trigger-patchset - triggers build on gerrit new patchset, draft publishing, comments, etc.
  • cord-infra-gerrit-trigger-merge - triggers build on gerrit merge

Testing job definitions

JJB job definitions can be tested by running make test, which will create a python virtualenv, install jenkins-job-builder in it, then try building all the job files, which are put in job-configs and can be inspected.

The output of this is somewhat difficult to decipher, sometimes requiring you to go through the python backtrace to figure out where the error occurred in the jenkins-job-builder source code.

There is also a make lint target which will run yamllint on all the JJB YAML files, which can catch a variety of formatting errors.

If you're writing a new shell script, it's a good idea to test it with shellcheck before including it - failing to heed those messages then using !include-escape to add it to the job may lead to hard to debug problems with the job definition.

Using Pipeline jobs with JJB

Another way of creating jobs in Jenkins is to use the Pipeline method, which traditionally is done by creating a Groovy script that describes a job. These are traditionally stored in a "Jenkinsfile". It is recommended that you use the Declarative Pipeline syntax, which can be linted with the shell/jjb/jflint.sh script, which will verify the pipeline syntax against the Jenkins server. This script may run automatically on commits in the future, so please verfiy your scripts with it.

The recommended way of creating a pipeline job is to create a pipeline script in jjb/pipeline with an extension of .groovy, and a job-template job that calls it and uses the JJB parameters to configure the pipeline job. One necessary parameter is the executorNode, which should be defined in the job or job template, but is used to specify the agent in the pipeline script (the executor the job runs on).

For help writing pipeline jobs, please see the Pipeline steps documentation for help with the syntax.

Jenkins Executors and AMI Images

The Jenkins executors are spun up automatically in EC2, and torn down after jobs have completed. Some are "one shot" and others (usually static or lint checks) are re-used for run multiple jobs.

The AMI images used for these executors built with Packer and most of the local configuration happens in packer/provision/basebuild.sh. If you need a new tool installed in the executor, you would add the steps to install it here. It's verified, and when merged generates a new AMI image.

NOTE: Future builds won't automatically use the new AMI - you have to manually set the instance AMI ID on jenkins in Global Config > Cloud > Amazon EC2. The new AMI ID can be found near the end of the logs of the run of ci-management-packer-merge--basebuild.

Finding source AMI images

Source OS images published by upstream projects like Ubuntu and CentOS need to be well specified, so that the correct images are used. Anyone can list in the marketplace, so care should be taken to use the correct images.

This is done in Packer using source_ami_filter with is parameterized on the image name, owner, and product-code within the packer/vars/<os_name>.json files that define the source images.

Upstream docs that specify AMIs:

Unfortunately these filter parameters have conflicts - images with the official Ubuntu owner (099720109477) doesn't specify a product-code field.

As an alternative, aws-marketplace owner is used, which also has the same images. To find the product-code, go to the AWS Marketplace and find the image you want, then click the button to launch the image. In the URL there will be a productId UUID parameter - find this, and then use it search for a product code using the aws command line:

aws ec2 describe-images \
    --owners aws-marketplace \
    --filters "Name=name,Values=*d83d0782-cb94-46d7-8993-f4ce15d1a484*"

Then look at the output for the ProductCodeId - this is what should go in the OS json file in the source_ami_filter_product_code field.

Once you've determined the correct settings, the Packer filter can be tested with this command:

aws ec2 describe-images \
    --owners aws-marketplace \
    --filters "Name=name,Values=*ubuntu*16.04*" \
              "Name=product-code,Values=csv6h7oyg29b7epjzg7qdr7no" \
              "Name=architecture,Values=x86_64" \
              "Name=virtualization-type,Values=hvm" \
              "Name=root-device-type,Values=ebs"

Adding additional EC2 instance types

If you create a new cloud instance type, make sure to set both the Security group names and Subnet ID for VPC or it will fail to instantiate.

Links to other projects using LF JJB